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CASE REPORT
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-45

Glandular odontogenic cyst: Analysis of clinicopathological features of five cases


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, D.A. Pandu Memorial R. V. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, D.A. Pandu Memorial R. V. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
K K Deepa
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, D.A. Pandu Memorial R. V. Dental College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijohr.ijohr_22_17

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Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare developmental cystic lesion of the jaws accounting for 0.012%–0.3% of all the odontogenic cysts. It occurs most commonly in middle-aged men, especially in the anterior mandible. It clinically presents as a slow-growing intraosseous lesion. Small cysts may be asymptomatic while larger ones may cause expansion with pain or paresthesia. Radiographically, it frequently presents as a multilocular radiolucency. Microscopic features are characterized by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium of variable thickness with many microcystic or pseudoglandular spaces and plaque-like extensions. Although its microscopic features are characteristic, few situations may arise where this entity may be confused with dentigerous, botryoid odontogenic, radicular cyst, and central mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The importance of GOC relates to its high rate of recurrence making its diagnosis important. The purpose of this study is to present the clinicopathological features of five cases of GOC which have been reported in our institution.


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