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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-69

Retrospective study on risk habits among buccal mucosa carcinoma patients in regional cancer Center, Tamil Nadu

Department of Medical Research, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Ms. Ramasamy Padma
Department of Medical Research, SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM University, Kattankulathur, Kancheepuram - 603 203, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijohr.ijohr_30_17

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Background: Oral squamous cell carcinoma occurrence had geographical variations. In South India, the high incidence of buccal mucosa carcinoma occurs due to widespread use to tobacco chewing. There have been no studies reported on buccal mucosa carcinoma in Tamil Nadu. Objective: The aim of this was to analyze risk habits profile of buccal mucosa carcinoma patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional, retrospective study of buccal cancer patients who reported during 2013–2015 in regional cancer center, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu. Data on demographic, socioeconomic, and risk habit profiles of the patients were recorded in a questionnaire. Results: A total of 198 buccal mucosa carcinoma patients included in the study. The buccal mucosa carcinoma was highly prevalent; 195 (98.5%) were reported with risk habits either with tobacco (smoking and smokeless), nontobacco (betel nut, pan masala, and alcohol), and multihabits. Further, an alarming identification that three (1.5%) were not have any habits of tobacco and nontobacco habits. The present study included 125 (63.1%) males and 73 (36.9%) females. The mean age of the patients was 55 years with high frequency of ≥40 years old (range: 12–88 years). Of 198 patients, 124 (62.2%) were reported from lower socioeconomic status who were likely to chew tobacco, smoke bidi, and drink alcohol. The study revealed highly significant relation of risk habits with gender, age, and socioeconomic status by Chi-square analysis at P < 0.001. Conclusions: The prevalence of buccal mucosa carcinoma was higher in the elderly male population with multihabitual. Thus, the study showed etiologic clues for prevention of buccal mucosa carcinoma in Tamil Nadu.

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