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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-15

Seven years of war in Syria: The relation between oral health and PTSD among children

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. M. H. D. Bahaa Aldin Alhaffar
Alqusour st., Alkhateeb sq, Damascus
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijohr.ijohr_8_18

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Background: Studying the prevalence of dental caries in a population located in a specific geographic area and the effect of the psychological factors on the people is considered essential to build a database to assess and compare future results of preventive programs and to assess health and social needs of the communities. Aim of this Research: This study aims to study oral health situation using (decayed, missing, and filled teeth [DMFT], plaque index [PI], and gingivitis index [GI]) indices, and the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among 12-year-old children in Damascus, and the effect of PTSD on oral health. Materials and Methods: The sample included 811 children divided into five geographic areas in Damascus. Special questionnaires were used to measure PTSD level, and the oral health status was measured by clinical examination. Results: Data analysis showed that dental caries prevalence was 86%, DMFT value was 3.36. In detail, the D value was 2.86, M value was 0.48, and F value was 0.02. As for PI value, it was 0.79 and GI value was 0.85. The prevalence of PTSD was 91.5%. The study showed a statistically significant relationship between both DMFT and GI values, and PTSD value; however, there was no statistically significant relationship between PI value and PTSD value. Conclusion: The prevalence of poor oral health among 12-year-old children in Damascus schools was high as was the prevalence of PTSD, where we found in our study a statistically significant relationship between oral health index and PTSD.

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