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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 38-41

Oral health status among human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients visiting ART center in Chennai: A cross-sectional study


Department of Epidemiology, The Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. T K Sivabakya
Department of Epidemiology, The Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, No. 69, Anna Salai, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijohr.ijohr_19_20

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Background: Oral health status of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals is in poor condition which may be a sequela of variety of factors. Aim and Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to assess the oral health status of HIV-positive patients visiting the Chennai antiretroviral therapy center. Materials and Methods: A total of 43 people who were HIV positive were recruited for the study. Oral health status was recorded using the World Health Organization oral health assessment form (2003). Data were analyzed using Chi-square test. Results: Majority (62.8%) of the people suffering from HIV belonged to upper lower class. The mean for decayed, missing, and filled teeth score in HIV-positive individuals was found to be 12.56 ± 4.14. Nearly 75% of HIV-positive individuals showed oromucosal lesions, with candidiasis (30.2%) being the most common. Nearly 50% of HIV-positive individuals had community periodontal index and loss of attachment score >2. It was more than a year since 83.5% of the participants had made a visit to the dentist. Conclusion: In conclusion, HIV-positive people have poor oral health status and poor periodontal condition. To take care of this high-risk group's oral health, effective policies must be drafted.


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