Indian Journal of Oral Health and Research

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14--20

Detailed understanding of different extraction methods for the research on medicinal plants


Sushma Rudraswamy1, Brinda Suhas Godhi2, Hommergally Puttabuddi Jai Shankar3, Mruthunjaya Kenganora4, MN Sumana5 
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Pharmacognosy, JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Microbiology, JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Brinda Suhas Godhi
Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, JSS Dental College and Hospital, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysore - 570 015, Karnataka
India

Medicinal plants have to be prepared for experimental purposes and this is the first and foremost step toward attaining an excellent aftermath. The first crucial step in the preparation of plant formulations before proceeding with the planned biological testing is extraction. Research on medicinal plants begins with the preextraction and the extraction procedures, which are essential steps in the processing of the bioactive components from the plant materials. At the level of small manufacturing enterprises or in the small research settings, the conventionally applied methods of extraction are Soxhlet and Maceration. Considerable and remarkable progressions oriented to amplify the yield at an economical rate have been formed in the way medicinal plants are processed such as the modern extraction techniques and microwave-assisted, ultrasound-assisted extraction, and supercritical fluid extraction. In addition to this, modifications on the techniques are constantly evolving. The selection of an apt extraction method depends on numerous factors such as the type of the plant material, the nature of solvent, solvent pH, temperature, and the ratio of solvent to sample. With such a variety of methods available, the selection of correct and accurate extraction method requires systematic evaluation. The primary objective of this study is to describe the principle, strength, and limitation of the several methods employed in the process of medicinal plant extraction in our day-to-day research which would help in the selection of an appropriate method.


How to cite this article:
Rudraswamy S, Godhi BS, Shankar HP, Kenganora M, Sumana M N. Detailed understanding of different extraction methods for the research on medicinal plants.Indian J Oral Health Res 2021;7:14-20


How to cite this URL:
Rudraswamy S, Godhi BS, Shankar HP, Kenganora M, Sumana M N. Detailed understanding of different extraction methods for the research on medicinal plants. Indian J Oral Health Res [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 26 ];7:14-20
Available from: https://www.ijohr.org/article.asp?issn=2393-8692;year=2021;volume=7;issue=1;spage=14;epage=20;aulast=Rudraswamy;type=0